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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Underwater Concrete Mixtures And Placement-San Francisco -Oakland Bay Bridge
Author(s): Stanley M. Hands
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 365-377
Abstract:The foundation concrete for the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge was placed in salt water at depths varying from 25 to 242 ft. There were 29 large seals involving from 5000 to 30,000 cu yd of concrete for each seal and requiring continuous operations for more than a week at a time. The submarine bucket, lowered with crane and hoist, was used to transfer the concrete from the mixer barges to the foundation at the greater depths. The tremie pipe was used in lesser depths are described. Concrete control and placement``
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