In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Laboratory Evaluation of a Unique Anti-Washout Admixture in Grouts
Author(s): Jeff R. Bury and Hamid Farzam
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 445-474
Keywords: Admixtures; bleeding (concrete); concretes; grout; underwater
Abstract:New construction or repair of existing structures dealing with the placement of concrete underwater poses certain challenges that require special placement techniques, and more specifically, specialized mixture proportions. Anti-washout admixtures (AWA), based on water-soluble polymers of various types, have been developed for use in concrete placed underwater in order to minimize cement washout and provide in-place concrete of satisfactory quality. These admixtures create a cohesive paste phase either by binding free mix water or by enhancing inter-particle attraction. Hence, they are finding additional uses such as segregation or bleed control agents, and viscosity modifiers. Recently, the need for a viscosity modifying agent arose in a dam rehabilitation project in Alabama where a grout curtain was being placed to control seepage under the dam. To verify the feasibility of using an AWA in the grout mixtures for this project, a preliminary study was performed in the laboratory to investigate the performance of fluid grouts treated with a unique cellulose-based liquid AWA developed for underwater concreting. The effect of this unique AWA on the plastic properties of fluid and flowable grouts are presented in this paper. The results indicate that it is possible to use this admixture to modify grout viscosity, minimize bleeding characteristics, and improve washout resistance of fluid and flowable grout mixtures. Applications that might benefit from these improvements include: grouting riprap in tidal zones; and placement of grout curtains to minimize water seepage under dams.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber