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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Flexural Strength and Toughness of Steel Fiber High-Strength Concrete
Author(s): Mahmoud A. lmam
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 517-534
Keywords: Bending; composite materials; fibers; flexural strength; high-strength
Abstract:Experimental tests were carried out on 150* 150*600 mm high strength concrete beams containing 1.0% of hooked-end steel fibers. Concrete with compressive strength up to 117 MPa was used. The test results showed that the first-crack strength depends primarily on plain concrete characteristics rather than fiber parameters. After the occurrence of the first-crack, the fibers effectively work, carry the entire applied load, and tend to suppress the localization of micro-cracks into macro-cracks and consequently the flexural strength increases. Two equations are proposed for predicting the flexural strength of high strength concrete with and without fibers. The test results indicated that the use of 78 kg/m’ of hooked type steel fiber can easily provide toughness indices as high as 5, 10, and 30 for I5 , I10 , and I30 respectively. However, toughness Indices at higher deflection, such as I5 0 and I100 depending on service conditions are highly desirable to fully identify differences present in the load-deflection (P-6) curve. The relative post-crack strength helps to distinguish post-crack performance differences more clearly than toughness index because it reflects the shape of the P-6 curve over a specific deflection interval, rather than over the whole of the post-crack portion of the curve.
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