European Developments in Seismic Resistance of Composite Steel/Concrete Structures
A. S. Elnashai
Appears on pages(s):
Beam-column frame; capacity; composite construction; seismic analysis
Design of composite structures for earthquake loading has to address different problems to static design, as the advantageous greater damping may be offset by the disadvantage of increased mass and stiffness, leading to higher seismic loads. However, since composite construction is used extensively, especially for high-rise construction, the seismic performance of this form of structure requires investigation and the development of specific design guidance. European work over the past ten years or so confirmed that, with minimum design and detailing alterations, composite structures offer a most economical and reliable design alternative to steel and reinforced concrete structures. This paper reviews some of the European work on composite members. Particular emphasis is placed on work at Imperial College, since this was mostly carried out by the writer and his co-researchers. The work on a novel type of composite member is described,with special emphasis on ductility-based design recommendations. This is followed by a discussion of the role of composite beam-column connections and beam members in providing lateral stiffness, resistance and energy dissipation. Hierarchical assessment limit states are defined and are used to arrive at earthquake yield and ultimate response accelerations. These are used to calculate analytical behaviour factors of typical composite frames, which are shown to be more economical than steel frames designed for the criteria. Finally, brief comments regarding current and future work on seismic resistance of composite structures in Europe are given.