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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Bond Modelling of Prestressing Strand
Author(s): J. A. den Uijl
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 145-170
Keywords: Bond model; bond splitting; strand (prestressing); strand (spacing);
Abstract:From pull-out and push-in tests on specimens with short embedment length an empirical relation has been derived, which describes the local bond stress as a function of the local slip and steel stress change. With the help of this bond model the transfer length and the bi-linear relationship for the development length of a pretensioned strand (ACI Building Code 1989, CEB-FIP Model Code 1990) is simulated. It is also used to indicate the influence of strand yielding on the development length. For the estimation of the concrete cover and strand spacing required to prevent the occurrence of visible bond splitting cracks the response of the concrete to the radial displacement of the strand-to-concrete interface is analyzed by means of a so-called thick-walled-cylinder model. The radial interface displacement consists of transverse deformation of the strand coupled with steel stress change (Poisson effect) and wedging action caused by the shape of the strand (lack-of-fit effect) and surface roughness. Besides the section geometry, this model takes into account the softening behaviour of concrete loaded in tension. It is used to explain the influence of various parameters such as concrete cover, strand spacing, strand diameter and concrete strength on the bond properties of strand.
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