HPFRCCs: Properties and Applications in Repair and Rehabilitation

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Title: HPFRCCs: Properties and Applications in Repair and Rehabilitation

Author(s): A. E. Naaman

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 185

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1-16

Keywords: composite materials; fiber-reinforced concrete; HPFRCC; rehabilitation; repair; SIFCON; SIMCON; tensile properties

Date: 2/1/2000

Abstract:
Following a brief introduction on the definition of high-performance fiber reinforced cement composites (HPFRCCs), this paper suggests that HPFRCCs are very well suited for repair and rehabilitation applications. It describes the range of tensile properties currently achievable using HPFRCCs, focusing in particular on the trade-off between strength and strain capacity and the importance of large strains, as evidenced by quasi-strain hardening behavior and multiple cracking. Particular attention is given to describing the tensile stress-strain response of slurry infiltrated fiber concrete (SIFCON), and the parameters influencing that response such as type of fiber, type of matrix, fiber orientation, fiber length, and fiber bond. Also a brief summary of three representative applications involving the use of HPFRCCs in repair and rehabilitation is given, namely: the use of fibers in the tensile zone area of reinforced concrete beams to control cracking and improve durability; the use of SIMCON for repair and rehabilitation of reinforced concrete beams and columns to satisfy seismic requirements; and the use of SIMCON as a jacket in reinforced concrete columns, also to improve seismic resistance. It is concluded that exceptional structural performance such as strength and ductility, particularly in reinforced and prestressed concrete structures, can be achieved if the matrix material is an HPFRC composite.