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Title: Empirical Equation for Mechanical Properties of Lightweight Concrete Developed Using Bottom Ash Aggregates

Author(s): Hye-Jin Lee, Sanghee Kim, Hak-Young Kim, Ju-Hyun Mun & Keun-Hyeok Yang

Publication: IJCSM

Volume: 16


Appears on pages(s):

Keywords: lightweight concrete, bottom ash, empirical equation, mechanical properties, stress–strain curve, nonlinear regression analysis

DOI: 10.1186/s40069-022-00514-y

Date: 7/31/2022

The mechanical properties of lightweight aggregate concrete developed with the use of bottom ash aggregate (LWAC-BA) as a partial or full replacement of lightweight aggregate differ from those of general lightweight concrete made using natural fine and/or coarse aggregates. The mechanical properties of LWAC-BA are difficult to predict using the existing equations proposed by codes or researchers. Therefore, in this study, empirical equations using nonlinear regression analysis are proposed to predict the mechanical properties of lightweight concrete mixed with bottom ash aggregate, based on the collected measured values from other studies (Yang "Development of replacement technology for ready mixed concrete with bottom ash aggregates", 2020; Kim et al. Appl Sci, 10: e8016, 2020; Constr Build Mater 273: e121998, 2021). The collected data include density, compressive strength, elastic modulus, modulus of rupture, splitting tensile strength, and stress–strain relation of LWAC-BA featuring varying amounts of bottom ash fine aggregate and/or coarse aggregate. The proposed empirical equations for each mechanical characteristic are developed considering the replacement volume of bottom ash fine/coarse aggregates. The mean values of the ratios of the measured to predicted values obtained using the proposed equation range from 1.00 to 1.05, with a standard deviation ranging from 0.002 to 0.013, indicating a reasonably positive agreement.