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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Applications of Rheological Modifiers and Superplasticizers in Cementitious Systems
Author(s): C. B. Skaggs, W. G. Rakitsky, and S. F. Whitaker
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 189-208
Keywords: cellulose fibers; cement-based systems; compressive strength; grout; polysaccharides; rheological properties; superplasticizers; underwater construction; water retentivity; General
Abstract:The impact of superplasticizers and water-soluble polymers, i.e., rheological modifiers, on the rheology and performance of cement-based systems has been investigated. Combinations of water-soluble polymers and superplasticizers can be used to formulate grouts, mortars, and concretes with properties tailored for specific applications. Cement-based systems studied ranged from highly fluid injection grouts to cohesive, flowable concretes suitable for underwater construction and repair applications. Paper demonstrates how the rheology and performance characteristics of cement-based systems can be manipulated using superplasticizers and rheological modifiers. Specifically, the performance properties of a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide produced to fermentation are compared and contrasted with cellulose derivatives. Combinations of water-soluble polymers and superplasticizers can be formulated to produce a continuum of properties ranging from highly fluid, nonseparating grouts to low-slump concretes with enhanced workability and water retention. Choice of the proper combination of superplasticizer and water-soluble polymer is determined by the functional demands of each application.
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