Lift Slab Construction: its History, Methodology, Economics, and Applications

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Title: Lift Slab Construction: its History, Methodology, Economics, and Applications

Author(s): M. A. Riusillo

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 107

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 59-68

Keywords: economics; flat concrete plates; history; lift-slab construction; jacking; parting agents; post-tensioning; Construction

Date: 6/1/1988

Abstract:
The lift-slab method of construction, developed 38 years ago in Texas, has undergone detail changes and modernization of equipment over the years. The basic concept however, remains the same. The flat, concrete floor and roof slabs, usually post-tensioned, are poured one on top of the other at ground level, using the slab on ground as the first soffit form. After all the slabs are poured, they are lifted from above using synchronized hydraulic jacks located on the columns. Floor slabs with as many as 32 columns and 25,000 ftý can be lifted in one piece, while larger floor areas would require sectioning. The economical range of lift-slab construction is from 3 to 20 stories with 5 to 12 story buildings being the most common. The economy is inherent in the fact that reinforcing and concrete work are done at ground level, and that 90 percent of the form work is eliminated. Economy, flexible design, and quality construction, along with clean, safe, and efficient working conditions are all reasons to investigate lift-slab construction for multistory housing, offices, and parking garages.