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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Macro-Cracking and Crack Control in Concrete Structures--A State of the Art
Author(s): Edward G. Nawy
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1-32
Keywords: beams (supports); concretes; cover; cracking (fracturing); crack propagation; crack width and spacing; flexural strength; fracture properties; macrocracking; microcracking; post tensioning; prestressing; pretensioning; reinforced concrete; shrinkage; sta
Abstract:This paper presents the state of the art in evaluating flexural crack development and control of macrocracking. It is based on extensive research over the past five decades, in the United States and overseas, in the area of macrocracking in reinforced and prestressed concrete beams and in two-way action slabs and plates With the advent of limit states theories that generally lead to economic proportioning of members, control of cracking has become essential to maintain the integrity and esthetics of concrete structures. The trend is stronger than ever in better utilization of current concrete strengths, use of higher strength concretes that include super-strength concretes of 20,000 psi (138 MPa) compressive strength and higher, and increased application of prestressed concrete concepts. All these trends require closer control of serviceability requirements in cracking and deflection. Design expressions are given for the control of cracking in reinforced concrete beams and thick one-way slabs; prestressed, pretensioned, and post-tensioned flanged beams; and reinforced concrete two-way action structural floor slabs and plates. In addition, recommendations are given for the maximum tolerable flexural crack widths in concrete elements.
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