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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Computer Simulation of Pull-Out Tests of Headed Anchors in a State of Plane-Stress
Author(s): Radomir Pukl, Rolf Eligehausen, and Vladimir Cervenka
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 79-100
Keywords: anchors (fasteners); computer programs; cracking (fracturing); fracture properties; models; modulus of elasticity; pullout tests; stresses; tests; Design
Abstract:Computer analyses of the pullout tests of anchors embedded in concrete were performed for the Round Robin Analysis of the RILEM Committee on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete. The test specimens were concrete plates with steel anchors in the plane stress state. The geometry of the specimen was varied in order to study the size effect and the shape effect. The investigation was performed by means of the computer simulation of the tests. Only limited comparison with the real laboratory experiments was used to verify the results. The computer simulation was made by means of the program SBETA, which was developed by the authors and is based on the smeared crack approach and the nonlinear elasticity. Two crack models were used to analyze each specimen: the rotated crack model and the fixed crack model. In total, 36 computer simulations were made. Each simulation provided the load-displacement diagram of the anchor and a sequence of crack patterns, deformed states, and stress states. A size effect law in the exponential form was derived from the computer experiments.
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