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Title: Experimental Studies on Seismic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Members of High-Strength Concrete

Author(s): S. Sugano, T. Nagashima, H. Kimura, A. Tamura, and A. Ichikawa

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 121


Appears on pages(s): 61-88

Keywords: beams (supports); columns (supports); ductility; research; lateral pressure; earthquake-resistant structures; high-rise buildings; high-strength concretes; high-strength steels; joints (junctions); reinforced concrete; tests; Structural Research

Date: 11/1/1990

Three earthquake-type loading tests of reinforced concrete (RC) columns, short beams, and beam-column joints using high-strength concrete were carried out. The main objectives of this program were to investigate the seismic behavior of RC members using high-strength concrete, and to obtain guidelines for their design in high-rise buildings. Concretes having three levels of compressive strength, 400, 600, and 800 kg/cmý (39, 59, and 78 MPa), were used. High-strength reinforcing bars with nominal yield strengths of 8500 and 14,000 kg/cmý (834 and 1370 MPa) were provided for lateral reinforcement. Longitudinal reinforcement with a yield strength of 6000 kg/cmý (588 MPa) was also used for beam-column joint test. Emphasis was put on the combination of high-strength concrete and high-strength reinforcing bars. The seismic behavior of columns, short beams, and beam-column joints under high axial load, high beam shear, and high joint shear, respectively, were observed. The relationship between ductility and amount of lateral reinforcement were particularly discussed in the column and short beam tests. In the beam-column joint test, several joint details were considered, and their behavior was investigated. The design guidelines for these high-strength concrete members were also presented in this paper. The results of this experimental program show that the combination of high-strength concrete and high-strength steel bars can be quite effective in improving strength and ductility of RC members of high-rise buildings.