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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Resistance of Microsilica Concrete to Steel Corrosion Erosion and Chemical Attack
Author(s): Neal S. Berke
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 861-886
Keywords: calcium nitrate; chemical attack; compressive strength; concretes; corrosion; corrosion resistance; erosion; silica fume; freeze-thaw durability; reinforcing steels; Materials Research
Abstract:The use of silica fume (microsilica) to improve the compressive strength at a given cement level or as a cement replacement is on the rise. Additional benefits of adding silica fume to improve the corrosion resistance of embedded steel and improve concrete durability in erosive or severe chemical exposure were investigated. Concretes with embedded steel were produced with silica fume levels varying from 0 to 15 percent by mass of cement. Additional variables were water-cement ratio and calcium nitrite content. All concretes were air-entrained and had high-range water-reducers. Plastic properties of the concretes are reported as well as compressive strength, freeze-thaw, and resistivity and rapid chloride data. Corrosion rates and chloride contents are reported and show substantial improvements with silica fume and/or calcium nitrite. An accelerated hydraulic erosion test was conducted, in which ball bearings impact the concrete surface, simulating abrasive action of waterborn particles. Mass loss was measured for concretes with 0 to 15 percent silica fume by mass of cement. Silica fume significantly improved erosion resistance. Chemical testing was performed in 5 percent acetic acid, 1 percent sulfuric acid, 5 percent formic acid, and mixed sulfates. A cyclic method involving drying, weighing, and wire brushing was used. Results show that silica fume concretes had superior chemical resistance that improved as silica fume levels increase.
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