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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Long-Term Properties of Mortar Exposed to a Vacuum
Author(s): Hiroshi Kanamori, Shinji Matsumoto, and Noboru Ishikawad
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 57-70
Keywords: age; compressive strength; concretes; drying shrinkage; exposure; flexural strength; lunar bases; mortars (material); porosity; tests; vacuum-treated concrete; water of hydration; Materials Research
Abstract:Effects of a vacuum environment on properties of hardened mortar made with cement-based materials are discussed. In this study, mortar specimens were exposed to a vacuum environment after various water curing periods. Several characteristics of the specimens, such as weight, strain, porosity, and strength, were measured before and after the vacuum exposure. A significant water loss and shrinkage strain were observed in tested specimens after specific vacuum exposure. Therefore, some measures are required to prevent shrinkage-induced cracks. In some cases, strengths for some vacuum-exposed mortar specimens were higher than water-cured companion specimens. Based on these experimental results, possible applications of concrete on the moon are recommended in this study.
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