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Title: Temperature Boundary Condition Models for Concrete Bridge Members

Author(s): Kyle A. Riding, Jonathan L. Poole, Anton K. Schindler, Maria C. G. Juenger, and Kevin J. Folliard

Publication: Materials Journal

Volume: 104

Issue: 4

Appears on pages(s): 379-387

Keywords: formwork; mass concrete; temperature prediction

DOI: 10.14359/18827

Date: 7/1/2007

The temperature development of mass concrete elements is strongly dependent on constituent materials and mixture proportions, as well as the formwork type, geometry, and environmental conditions. This paper presents a method to account for the effects of convection, radiation, and shading on the surface temperature of mass concrete. Solar radiation, atmospheric radiation, surface-emitted radiation, and formwork radiation exchange were considered. Wind speed, ambient temperature, and surface roughness were included in the convection model. The model described was incorporated into a mass concrete temperature prediction model. The predicted temperatures were then compared with measured near-surface concrete temperatures. The ability of the model to predict the maximum temperature and maximum temperature difference were also examined. The results show that the model accurately estimates the near-surface concrete temperatures, the maximum temperature, and maximum temperature difference of the 12 concrete members instrumented.