In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
ACI World Headquarters
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
ACI Middle East Regional Office
Second Floor, Office # 02.01/07
The Offices 02 Building, One Central
Dubai World Trade Center Complex
Phone: +971.4.516.3208 & 3209
Chat with Us Online Now
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Mitigation of ASR Expansion by Biomass/Coal Fly Ash and the Underlying Mechanism by Pore Solution Chemistry
Author(s): S. Wang, S. Bragonje, J. Tullis, R. Dalton,
and L. Baxter
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 267-278
Keywords: alkali silica reaction; biomass fly ash; expansion; pore solution
Abstract:This investigation experimentally documents mitigation of alkali-silica-reaction (ASR) expansion through partial replacement of cement with coal-biomass cofired fly ash. ASTM C 227 and 441 guide the experimental techniques. Biomass and Class F fly ash reduce ASR expansion within 0.1% at the 6 month with 35% replacement ratio, although biomass fly ash has much higher available Na2Oequiv (by ASTM C 33). Further analysis of pore solution by high pressure extrusion illustrates that biomass fly ash mixes have similar alkali metal concentrations to Class C mixes, but biomass fly ash is at least equal or much better than Class C in mitigating ASR expansion; this implied that biomass fly ash may absorb alkalis from the pore solution and may form non-expansive products instead of the expansive alkali silica gel.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber