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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Bridge Bearing Performance in Ontario
Author(s): D. Manning and K. Bassi
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1017-1040
Keywords: acceptability; bridge bearings; installing; manufacturing; performance; reviews; structural design; Design
Abstract:The historical development of using bearings in Ontario and the current design requirements contained in the Ontario Highway Bridge Design Code and the Ministry's bearing specifications are reviewed. Numerous instances of unsatisfactory bearing performance, especially of proprietary rotational and sliding bearings, are described. Examples are given of unsatisfactory performance resulting from poor bridge design practices, improper bearing design, poor manufacturing procedures, and incorrect installation. In all cases, the action that has been taken to prevent a recurrence of the deficient performance is presented. The basic philosophy in design is to use the minimum number of bearings consistent with the articulation of the structure. The severity of the service environment has been recognized with the result that a high degree of corrosion protection is specified and a provision made for bearing replacement. All bearings are required to have a capacity for rotation about all three axes, which means that rockers, rollers, sliding plates, and cylindrical bearings are no longer used. The paper also describes the contractual relationships involved in the supply of highway bridge bearings and concludes that while a performance specification and guarantee would be desirable, such an approach is not practical.
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