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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Beneficial Use of Carbonation for Concrete
Author(s): S. Monkman, C. Logan, and Y. Shao
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 147-162
Keywords: carbonation curing; cement; CO2 sequestration; concrete; greenhouse gas
Abstract:A beneficial use of carbonation technology to sequester exhaust CO2 in concrete through accelerated curing was studied. The carbonation took place in a chamber under 500 kPa pressure, at ambient temperature, for two hours and with a 100% concentration CO2 to simulate the recovered CO2 from a flue gas. Both Type 10 and Type 30 Portland cements were used in concrete containing 0%, 25%, 50% and 75% of either quartz aggregates or lightweight aggregates. The performance of carbonated concrete was evaluated by strength development and mass gain. For a 15-mm thick sample, a 9-16% CO2 uptake in two hours was achieved. Analysis by X-ray diffraction indicated calcite formation. Samples collected from the surface or the core, immediately after 2-hour carbonation or 7 days later, contained consistent carbon content. The strength after 2-hours carbonation was close to that of reference samples cured 7 days in a moist environment. Carbonated concrete demonstrated a much finer and denser microstructure and a much higher resistance to atmospheric carbonation shrinkage.
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