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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Water-Cement Ratio as a Basis of Concrete Quality
Author(s): Duff A. Abrams
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 452-457
Abstract:Tests carried out by the writer (later confirmed by many other investigators) have shown the controlling influence of the quantity of mixing water on the strength and other properties of concrete, regardless of mix, size or grading of aggregates, consistency of concrete, etc., so long as the concrete is plastic. It is assumed that a satisfactory cement is used and that aggregates which are clean and of suitable strength and durability are available. The quantity of mixing water may be expressed in terms of the water-ratio; that is, the ratio of the volume of water to the volume of Portland cement. The actual amount of water to be used in each batch may be measured in U. S. gallons per 94-lb. sack of cement.
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