In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Influence of Calcining Conditions on Pozzolanic Activity and Reaction Kinetics in Paper Sludge-Calcium Hydroxide Mixes
Author(s): M. Frias, M.1. Sanchez de Rojas, and J. Rivera
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 879-892
Keywords: calcining conditions; paper sludge; pozzolanic material; reaction kinetics; waste
Abstract:The need to attain the correct assessment of industrial by-products and wastes re-quires an in-depth knowledge of their characteristics. One of the most important characteristics that affects in the aptitude of a thermally calcined product is the calcining conditions like temperature and stay in furnace. This is the aim of the current work which considers the importance of calcining conditions on the pozzolanic properties of a paper sludge as cementing material. The by-product used for this research is a Spanish paper sludge coming from a paper industry which uses 100% of recycled paper as raw materials. Due to the high content of organic material and calcium carbonate and, to the presence of different clayey minerals in sludge like kaolinite and talc, the calcining conditions play an important role on the mineralogy and pozzolanic activity of this sludge. For this reason, different intervals of temperature between 700 and 800°C and, different times of stay in furnace (2.5 and 5h) are studied in order to get the best pozzolanic properties for the paper sludge. The reaction kinetics of pozzolanic reaction cured at 40°C varied with the calcining conditions. The main crystalline phases identified by XRD were hydrocalumite (Ca4Al2O6C121OH2O) and calcium aluminium carbonate hydrate (Ca4Al2O6CO311H2O), stratlingite and hydrogamet.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber