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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The Use of High-Range Water-Reducers in Concrete Containing Fly Ash and Ground, Granulated Blast-Furnace Slag
Author(s): W. M. Hale, I A. Ling, I D. Bush, Jr., and B. W. Russell
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 217-232
Keywords: air entraining agents; blast furnace slag; chemical admixtures; fly ash; high range water reducers; mechanical properties; slump loss; supplementary cementitious materials
Abstract:This study examined the effects of using a high range water reducer (HRWR) on concrete with pozzolan replacement. The HRWR was used in two ways: 1) to increase the workability of mixtures with otherwise unchanged mixture proportions, 2) to pro-duce mixtures with workability similar to those without HRWR but with lower w/cm. For the first goal, HRWR dosages were determined that would increase the slump of mixtures to approximately 150 mm. For the second goal, concretes were produced with water to cementitious material ratio (w/cm) reduced by 0.03 (as compared to the control mixtures) but with slumps in the 25 to 75 mm range. Comparisons were made between the HRWR mixtures and with control mixtures without HRWR. Only two types of mixtures were studied: 1) 15 percent Class C fly ash replacement and 2) 25 percent slag replacement. The research results showed that use of HRWR in mixtures containing ground granulated blast furnace slag and in mixtures containing fly ash generally improved compressive, flexural, and tensile strengths (to varying degrees), even for mixtures with unchanged w/cm.
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