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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Long Term Behavior of Prestressed and Partially Prestressed Concrete Beams: Experimental and Numerical Results
Author(s): Bernard Espion and Pierre Halleux
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 19-38
Keywords: beams (supports); camber; cracking (fracturing); deflection; creep properties; failure; loads (forces); partial prestressing; prestressed concrete; prestress loss; serviceability; shrinkage; strains; stress analysis; structural design; General
Abstract:Tests results from long-term experiments on prestressed and partially prestressed concrete beams are reported. Tests were carried out on 10 rectangular beams spanning 2 m and undergoing sustained loading for five years. After that time, there was no evidence of stabilization of the time-dependent behavior of concrete. Numerical modeling of the deformation of the midspan section explains experimental observations and confirms that the presence of ordinary reinforcing steel in a prestressed concrete section leads to a redistribution of stresses between concrete and steel which should be taken into account in serviceability limit-state computations. Tests to failure of the beams at 5 years yield no significant differences in carrying capacity with tests executed at an early age. It is suggested that the deflection limit state is a major consideration in design and that the degree of prestressing should be chosen in function of ratio of permanent load to total design load (permanent and live).
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