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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Spacing of Moment Bars in Precast Joints
Author(s): F. N. Menefee and H. L. Kinnier
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 629-636
Keywords: no keywords
Abstract:Spacing of moment bars in precast reinforced concrete joists in some cases has been as small as 3/16 in. although it is probable that most maufacturers use 3/8-in. shear or diagonal tension bars with corresponding spacing of moment bars. ACI Building Code places a one in. minimum on spacing. Undoubtedly, the regulations were written with monolithic concrete rather than light precast joists in mind. Spacing has no particular significance if all the requirements for bond are met independently of it. In a properly designed precast joist, theoretical computations show that bond stresses are always less in proportion to the maximum allowed than are any other stresses. The tests herein reported were an attempt to determine whether the artifical reduction of bond area, up to 30 percent, had any effect on the over-all strength of the joist, and give some indication as to whether 3/8-in. spacing of moment bars introduced a controlling weakness. While the results on 14 joists, all of the same dimensions, could hardly produce conclusive evidence, the results, along with the service record of precast joints, indicate that 3/8-in. spacing of moment bars, with 3/8-in. maximum size aggregate and with all other requirements of the Building Code met, will give a joist which will fail otherwise than in bond, from which it appears that the present one in. minimum in the current Building Code should be throughly studied with a view toward modification for precast joists, with well anchored reinforcement - if opinon and test justify such a change.
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