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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: New Developments in the Modeling of Mass Transport Processes in Cement-Based Composites: a Review
Author(s): J. Marchand and B. Gerard
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 169-210
Keywords: cements; composite materials; diffusion; microstructure; models; permeability; General
Abstract:Cement-based composites are used in the construction of a wide range of structures. During their service life, many of these structures are exposed to various types of aggression; their durability is generally controlled by their diffusivity and permeability of the cement-based composite. Since the assessment of these two properties by laboratory or in situ tests is often difficult and generally time-consuming, a great deal of effort has been made towards developing microstructure-based models to predict them. A critical review of the most recent developments in this field is presented in this paper. The report begins with a survey of the various mathematical concepts developed to characterize the structure of porous media. Empirical and physical models are reviewed in separate sections. Special emphasis is placed on recent innovations in the field of numerical and digital image analysis based modeling. Each model is evaluated on the basis of its ability to predict the mass transport properties of a wide range of cement-based composites and its potential application to the study of other micro- and macro-structural properties.
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