Flexural Behavior of Confined Concrete Columns

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Title: Flexural Behavior of Confined Concrete Columns

Author(s): Shamim A. Sheikh and C. C. Yeh

Publication: Journal Proceedings

Volume: 83

Issue: 3

Appears on pages(s): 389-404

Keywords: axial loads; bending moments, columns (supports); confined concrete; ductility; earthquakes; flexural strength; reinforced concrete; strains; stress block; stress-strain relationships; structural analysis; structural design; tied columns; ties.

Date: 5/1/1986

Abstract:
An analytical model originally developed for determining the stress-strain curve of confined concrete under concentric compression has been extended to include the effects of strain gradient caused by flexture. The proposed model along with some other models available in the literature is used to predict the behavior of several specimens tested by various researchers including those recently tested at the University of Houston. To simplify the application of the model, a rectangular stress block representing the actual stress-strain curve is proposed. A procedure to determine the dimensions of the stress block is presented. The provisions of Appendix A of the ACI Build-( 318-83) for the confinement steel in ductile frame columns are critically examined.