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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Thermal Considerations for Roller-Compacted Concrete
Author(s): Stephen B. Tatro and Ernest K. Schrader
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 119-128
Keywords: adiabatic conditions; computer programs; cooling; concrete dams;cracking (fracturing); finite element method; gravity dams; roller-compactedt;concrete; stresses; temperature rise (in concrete); thermal properties.
Abstract:The Willow Creek Dam near Heppner, Oregon, is the first dam constructed in the United States using the roller-compacted concrete (RCC) method and materials. Although the material is placed much like an earthfill, it must be considered to be mass concrete. Adequate design and control of the project depend on thermal studies to determine the internally-generated mass concrete temperatures and the resulting cracking potentiaI of the structure. A mathematical model can be formulated which, when incorporated with a finite element computer program, can accurately predict internal temperatures through-out the structure. Modifications to the method of inputting data to the computer program are necessary to accommodate the different properties and methods of RCC construction as compared to conventional mass concrete construction. A more detailed model of environmental temperatures is necessary because of the continuous RCC placement method. Detailed construction schedules must be developed to determine the quantity, sequence, and rate of RCC placement, and the program control must be altered to account for the smaller RCC lifts and the accelerated placement schedule. Temperature profiles for different zones of the structure can be plotted to indicate areas needing critical thermal control. Model variables, which are adjusted to minimize cracking potential, become contract requirements for the actual RCC placement.
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