Application of New Technology for Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures

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Title: Application of New Technology for Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Structures

Author(s): J. E. McDonald

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 128

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1439

Keywords: Anchors (fasteners); cavitation; concrete panels; embedment; hardened concretes; mix design; rehabilitation; repairs; serviceability; stability; structures; underwater structures

Date: 11/1/1991

Abstract:
The US Army Corps of Engineers recently completed the Repair, Evaluation, Maintenance, and Rehabilitation (REMR) Re-search Program. The primary objective of this six-year, $35- million research effort was to develop effective and affordable technology for maintaining and extending the service life of existing Corps civil works structures. Savings of over $40 million, or more than four times the funding, have already been reported from the use of technology developed in the Concrete portion of REMR. Development and application of some of the technology which resulted in savings are described herein. Examples of this technology include (a) identification of materials and methods which allow in situ repair of deteriorated mass concrete as an alternative to conventional concrete removal and replacement, (b) development of concrete mixtures containing antiwashout admixtures which have been used successfully in underwater repairs without the usual tremie seal, (c) design and installation of a precast concrete stay-in-place forming system for lock wall rehabilitation, including concepts for installation of the system in an operational lock, (d) development of stability criteria that eliminate the need for expensive structural rehabil-itation of aging concrete gravity structures, (e) development of a new procedure for anchor embedment in hardened concrete under submerged conditions, and (f) identification of repair materials with a cavitation resistance more than 25 times greater than conventional concrete with 9,000 psi (62 MPa) compressive strength.