Title: Review of Several Experimental Methods for Characterization of Micro- and Nano-Scale Pores in Cement-Based Material
Author(s): Abudushalamu Aili, Ippei Maruyama
Appears on pages(s):
Keywords: cement, pore size distribution, specific surface area, sorption isotherm, 1H-NMR, SAS
Mechanical properties and durability of cement-based materials are largely affected by pore structures. This paper provides an overview of several experimental techniques to characterize pore size distribution and specific surface area, with focus on pores in calcium silicate hydrates. The reviewed experimental techniques are nitrogen and water vapor sorption isotherm, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) and small-angle scattering (SAS). Different pretreatment methods are compared for sorption measurements. Pore size distribution and specific surface area are analyzed using data from different methods to understand difference and consistency of these methods. It is found that pore size distribution calculated from sorption isotherm is very sensitive to adsorption model. Though specific surface areas from different techniques are quite different from each other, they are all able to detect the microstruc-tural alteration due to long-term drying.