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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Can Concrete Containing High-Volume Recycled Concrete Aggregate Be Durable?
Author(s): Seyedhamed Sadati and Kamal H. Khayat
Publication: Materials Journal
Appears on pages(s): 471-480
Keywords: abrasion; air-void system; electrical resistivity; frost durability; recycled concrete aggregate; scaling resistance; sustainability
Abstract:This paper evaluates the effect of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) on concrete durability. Six RCA types procured from different sources were employed at 30 to 100% replacement rates by volume of virgin coarse aggregate. One fine RCA was also investigated and was used for up to 40% replacement by volume of virgin sand. In total, 33 mixtures were proportioned with these aggregates in concrete made with a binary or a ternary binder system and a watercementitious materials ratio (w/cm) of 0.37 to 0.45. The mixtures were investigated for frost durability, electrical resistivity, sorptivity, and abrasion resistance. Test results indicate that concrete made with up to 100% coarse RCA from an air-entrained source can exhibit proper frost durability. No significant reduction (limited to 3%) in frost durability factor was observed when the fine RCA volume was limited to 15% of total sand. Increase in mass loss due to deicing salt scaling was observed in concrete made with 50% of RCA with high (over 4%) deleterious materials content and high mass loss during soundness test. For a given w/cm and binder type, the use of 50% coarse RCA resulted in up to 32% reduction in electrical resistivity. The reduction in w/cm from 0.40 to 0.37 and the use of ternary binder containing 35% Class C fly ash and 15% slag proved to be effective in mitigating the potentially negative impact of RCA on sorptivity and abrasion resistance, compared to concrete made without any RCA with w/cm of 0.40 and binary cement with 25% fly ash.
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