544.8R-16: Report on Indirect Method to Obtain Stress-Strain Response of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (FRC)

544.8R-16: Report on Indirect Method to Obtain Stress-Strain Response of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (FRC)

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This book comes with a spreadsheet-based inverse analysis procedure for flexural specimens. Click the following links to download the package

FRC_Back_Calc_User_Guide.pdf

FRC_Back_Calculation_Spreadsheet_LD_v1.7.xlsx

FRC_Back_Calculation_Spreadsheet_Std_v2.5.xlsx

FRC_Back_Calculation_Spreadsheet_TENSION_v1.5.xlsx

Description

Development of proper design procedures for fiber-reinforced concrete (FRC) materials requires use of material tensile and compressive stress strains that reflect the contribution of fibers to the post-cracking behavior. While uniaxial tension tests provide the most fundamental material properties, conducting closed-loop tension tests are difficult to accomplish; therefore, methods based on indirect measurement of tensile properties using flexural tests are typically used.

This report presents the methodologies that are used for data reduction and presentation of the flexural test results in terms of an equivalent tensile stress-strain response for FRC materials. Existing methods for estimating uniaxial tensile stress-strain response of strain-softening and hardening FRCs from flexural beam-test data are introduced. Different approaches applied to beam tests based on elastic equivalent, curve fitting, or back-calculation of flexural data are introduced. These are divided into two general categories: elastic equivalent approach or inverse analysis method. In the elastic equivalent approach, a summary of available test methods by various code agencies are presented.

Using back-calculation methods, tools based on the finite element method and analytical closed-form solutions are presented. An approach is presented that uses closed-form moment-curvature relationships and obtains load-deflection responses for a beam of three- or four-point loading. The method is used to obtain equivalent parametric tensile stress and strain relationships for a variety of FRC materials. The methods are compared against the available residual strength and also elastically equivalent residual strengths obtained by different specimen geometries.

Results for a range of FRC materials studied show the back-calculated post-peak residual tensile strength is approximately 30 to 37 percent of the elastically equivalent flexural residual strength for specimens with different fiber types and volume fractions.

Keywords: fiber-reinforced concrete; inverse analysis; tensile stress-strain diagram.

 

Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 544

Publication Year: 2016

Pages: 22.00

ISBN: 9781942727729

Categories: Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

Formats: Printed Document, PDF, ePub, or Kindle

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1—INTRODUCTION AND SCOPE

1.1—Introduction

1.2—Scope

CHAPTER 2—NOTATION AND DEFINITIONS

2.1—Notation

2.2—Definitions

CHAPTER 3—TENSILE AND FLEXURAL TESTING AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

3.1—Tension and flexural testing

3.2—Strain softening and hardening

3.3—Deflection softening and hardening

3.4—Equivalent tensile stress-strain responses

3.5—Inverse analysis methods

CHAPTER 4—TEST METHODS

4.1—Test and specimen types

4.2—Stress-strain diagrams

4.3—Stress-strain diagram in RILEM approach

4.4—Flexural tensile strength ft,fl and residual flexural tensile strengths fR,1 and fR,4

4.5—Relationship between uniaxial tensile stress and flexural strength

4.6—Tensile stress-strain diagrams and strain values ε1, ε2, and ε3

CHAPTER 5—STRESS-STRAIN CURVES BY BACK-CALCULATION APPROACH

5.1—Parametric stress-strain curves

5.2—Back-calculation of flexural test data

5.3—Comparison with averaged residual strength results

5.4—Comparison with RILEM and JCI methods

CHAPTER 6—CONCLUSIONS

CHAPTER 7—REFERENCES

Authored documents

APPENDIX A—SPREADSHEET-BASED INVERSE ANALYSIS PROCEDURES

A.1—Simplified strain-softening/hardening fiber-reinforced concrete model

A.2—Derivation of moment-curvature diagram

A.3—Derivation of nominal flexural strength

A.4—Simplified moment curvature diagram

A.5—Load-deflection response

A.6—Example: Three-point bending test

ERRATA INFO

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