522R-10 Report on Pervious Concrete (Reapproved 2011)

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This report provides technical information on pervious concrete’s application, design methods, materials, properties, mixture proportioning, construction methods, testing, and inspection.

The term “pervious concrete” typically describes a near-zero-slump, open-graded material consisting of portland cement, coarse aggregate, little or no fine aggregate, admixtures, and water. The combination of these ingredients will produce a hardened material with connected pores, ranging in size from 0.08 to 0.32 in. (2 to 8 mm), that allow water to pass through easily. The void content can range from 15 to 35%, with typical compressive strengths of 400 to 4000 psi (2.8 to 28 Mpa). The drainage rate of pervious concrete pavement will vary with aggregate size and density of the mixture, but will generally fall into the range of 2 to 18 gal./ min/ft2 (81 to 730 L/min/m2). Pervious concrete is widely recognized as a sustainable building material, as it reduces stormwater runoff, improves stormwater quality, may recharge groundwater supplies, and can reduce the impact of the urban heat island effect.

Keywords: construction; design; drainage; green building; LEED® credit; permeability; pervious concrete pavement; stormwater; sustainability; testing.

Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 522

Publication Year: 2010

Pages: 40

ISBN: 9780870313646

Categories: Pervious Concrete

Formats: Protected PDF/Web View

Table of Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction and scope



Chapter 2—Notation and definitions



Chapter 3—Applications


3.2—Building applications: history

3.3—Pavement applications

3.4—Other applications

Chapter 4—Materials



4.3—Cementitious materials



Chapter 5—Properties


5.2—Compressive strength

5.3—Flexural strength

5.4—Void content/density

5.5—Pore sizes

5.6—Percolation rate



5.9—Acoustic absorption

Chapter 6—Pervious concrete mixture proportioning



6.3—Water-cementitious material ratio

6.4—Void content

6.5—Amount of coarse aggregate

6.6—Paste volume, cement, and water contents

6.7—Proportioning procedure

6.8— Typical ranges of materials

Chapter 7—Pervious pavement design


7.2—Structural design

7.3—Stormwater management design

7.4—Other considerations

Chapter 8—Pervious pavement construction

8.1—General construction principles

8.2—Subgrade/subbase preparation




8.6—Curing and protection

8.7—Cold weather protection

8.8—Hot weather protection

8.9—Repairing pervious concrete pavements


Chapter 9—Quality control inspection and testing


9.2—Preconstruction inspection and testing

9.3—Inspection and testing during construction

9.4—Post-construction inspection and testing

Chapter 10—Performance


10.2—Changes in infiltration rates

10.3—Structural distress

10.4—Surface distress

10.5—Resistance to freezing and thawing

Chapter 11—Limitations, potential applications, and research needs

11.1—Pervious concrete in cold climates

11.2—Strength determinations and limitations

11.3—Characterization of the material structure

11.4—Freezing-and-thawing and cold climate applications

11.5—Porous grout

11.6—Stormwater management

11.7—Environmental filtering/remediation potential

11.8—Surface deterioration and repair

11.9—Development and standardization of broader testing methods

11.10—Non-destructive determination of performance and properties

11.11—Urban heat island effect, carbonation, and other thermal properties

11.12—Other novel applications and uses

Chapter 12—The environment and pervious concrete

12.1— Pervious concrete and the LEED® green building rating system

Chapter 13—References

13.1—Referenced standards and reports

13.2—Cited references


Any applicable errata are included with individual documents at the time of purchase. Errata are not included for collections or sets of documents such as the Manual of Concrete Practice (MCP). For a listing of and access to all product errata, visit the Errata page.

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