ACI CODE-440.11-22: Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete Reinforced with Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Bars—Code and Commentary

Currency Display

Your Price:$ 149.00 USD

Member Price: $ 89.00 USD

Save $ 60.00 USD, Become a Member

Choose Product Language

Choose Product Units


Choose Product Format


Description

This Code was developed by an ANSI-approved consensus process and addresses structural systems, members, and connections, including cast-in-place, precast, nonprestressed, and composite construction. The “Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete Reinforced with Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) Bars” (“Code”) provides minimum requirements for the materials, design, and detailing of structural concrete buildings and, where applicable, nonbuilding structures reinforced with GFRP bars that conform to the requirements of ASTM D7957-22. Among the subjects covered are: design and construction for strength, serviceability, and durability; load combinations, load factors, and strength reduction factors; structural analysis methods; deflection limits; development and splicing of reinforcement; construction document information; field inspection and testing; and methods to evaluate the strength of existing structures.

Keywords:

admixtures; aggregates; beam-column frame; beams (supports); cements; columns (supports); combined stress; composite construction (concrete to concrete); compressive strength; concrete; construction documents; continuity (structural); cover; curing; deflections; durability; flexural strength; floors; footings; formwork (construction); GFRP reinforcement; inspection; joints (junctions); joists; load tests (structural); loads (forces); mixture proportioning; modulus of elasticity; moments; piles; placing; precast concrete; quality control; reinforced concrete; roofs; serviceability; shear strength; spans; splicing; strength analysis; stresses; structural analysis; structural design; structural integrity; structural walls; T-beams; torsion; walls; water.

 

Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 440

Publication Year: 2022

Pages: 260

ISBN: 9781641951937

Formats: Printed Document or Protected PDF/Web View

Table of Contents

PREFACE, p. 5

CHAPTER 1—GENERAL, p. 7

1.1—Scope of ACI CODE-440.11-22 7

1.2—General 7

1.3—Purpose 8

1.4—Applicability 8

1.5—Interpretation 9

1.6—Building official 10

1.7—Licensed design professional 10

1.8—Construction documents and design records 11

1.9—Testing and inspection 11

1.10—Approval of special systems of design, construction, or alternative construction materials 11

CHAPTER 2—NOTATION AND TERMINOLOGY, p. 13

2.1—Scope 13

2.2—Notation 13

2.3—Terminology 20

CHAPTER 3—REFERENCED STANDARDS, p. 30

3.1—Referenced standards 30

CHAPTER 4—STRUCTURAL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS, p. 32

4.1—Scope 32

4.2—Materials 32

4.3—Design loads 32

4.4—Structural system and load paths 32

4.5—Structural analysis 34

4.6—Strength 34

4.7—Serviceability 35

4.8—Durability 35

4.9—Sustainability 36

4.10—Structural integrity 36

4.11—Fire resistance and elevated service temperature 36

4.12—Requirements for specific types of construction 40

4.13—Construction and inspection 41

4.14—Strength evaluation of existing structures 41

CHAPTER 5—LOADS, p. 42

5.1—Scope 42

5.2—General 42

5.3—Load factors and combinations 42

CHAPTER 6—STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS, p. 47

6.1—Scope 47

6.2—General 47

6.3—Modeling assumptions 50

6.4—Arrangement of live load 52

6.5—Simplified method of analysis for continuous beams and one-way slabs 53

6.6—First-order analysis 54

6.7—Linear elastic second-order analysis 60

6.8—Inelastic analysis—Out of scope 61

6.9—Acceptability of finite element analysis 61

6.8—Inelastic analysis 61

CHAPTER 7—ONE-WAY SLABS, p. 63

7.1—Scope 63

7.2—General 63

7.3—Design limits 63

7.4—Required strength 64

7.5—Design strength 64

7.6—GFRP reinforcement limits 65

7.7—GFRP reinforcement detailing 66

CHAPTER 8—TWO-WAY SLABS, p. 69

8.1—Scope 69

8.2—General 69

8.3—Design limits 71

8.4—Required strength 72

8.5—Design strength 76

8.6—GFRP reinforcement limits 77

8.7—GFRP reinforcement detailing 78

8.8—Nonprestressed two-way joist systems—Out of scope 82

8.9—Lift-slab construction—Out of scope 82

CHAPTER 9—BEAMS, p. 83

9.1—Scope 83

9.2—General 83

9.3—Design limits 84

9.4—Required strength 85

9.5—Design strength 87

9.6—GFRP reinforcement limits 88

9.7—GFRP reinforcement detailing 91

9.8—One-way joist systems 100

9.9—Deep beams—Out of scope 101

CHAPTER 10—COLUMNS, p. 102

10.1—Scope 102

10.2—General 102

10.3—Design limits 102

10.4—Required strength 103

10.5—Design strength 104

10.6—GFRP reinforcement limits 105

10.7—GFRP reinforcement detailing 105

CHAPTER 11—WALLS, p. 110

11.1—Scope 110

11.2—General 110

11.3—Design limits 111

11.4—Required strength 111

11.5—Design strength 112

11.6—GFRP reinforcement limits 114

11.7—GFRP reinforcement detailing 115

11.8—Alternative method for out-of-plane slender wall analysis—Out of scope 116

CHAPTER 12—DIAPHRAGMS—NOT ADDRESSED, p. 117

CHAPTER 13—FOUNDATIONS, p. 118

13.1—Scope 118

13.2—General 120

13.3—Shallow foundations 123

13.4—Deep foundations 125

CHAPTER 14—PLAIN CONCRETE—NOT APPLICABLE, p. 127

CHAPTER 15—BEAM-COLUMN AND SLAB-COLUMN JOINTS, p. 128

15.1—Scope 128

15.2—General 128

15.3—Transfer of column axial force through the floor system 128

15.4—Detailing of joints 129

CHAPTER 16—CONNECTIONS BETWEEN MEMBERS, p. 131

16.1—Scope 131

16.2—Connections of precast members—Out of scope 131

16.3—Connections to foundations 131

16.4—Horizontal shear transfer in composite concrete flexural members 133

16.5—Brackets and corbels—Out of scope 134

CHAPTER 17—ANCHORING TO CONCRETE—NOT ADDRESSED, p. 135

CHAPTER 18—EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT STRUCTURES—NOT ADDRESSED, p. 136

CHAPTER 19—CONCRETE: DESIGN AND DURABILITY REQUIREMENTS, p. 137

19.1—Scope 137

19.2—Concrete design properties 137

19.3—Concrete durability requirements 138

19.4—Grout durability requirements—Out of scope 146

CHAPTER 20—GFRP REINFORCEMENT PROPERTIES, DURABILITY, AND EMBEDMENTS, p. 147

20.1—Scope 147

20.2—GFRP bars 147

20.3—Prestressing strands, wires, and bars—Out of scope 149

20.4—Headed shear stud reinforcement—Out of scope 149

20.5—Provisions for durability of GFRP reinforcement 149

20.6—Embedments 151

CHAPTER 21—STRENGTH REDUCTION FACTORS, p. 153

21.1—Scope 153

21.2—Strength reduction factors for structural concrete members and connections 153

CHAPTER 22—SECTIONAL STRENGTH, p. 155

22.1—Scope 155

22.2—Design assumptions for moment and axial strength 155

22.3—Flexural strength 157

22.4—Axial strength or combined flexural and axial strength 160

22.5—One-way shear strength 161

22.6—Two-way shear strength 168

22.7—Torsional strength 171

22.8—Bearing 178

22.9—Shear friction—Out of scope 180

CHAPTER 23—STRUT-AND-TIE METHOD—NOT ADDRESSED, p. 181

CHAPTER 24—SERVICEABILITY REQUIREMENTS, p. 182

24.1—Scope 182

24.2—Deflections due to service-level gravity loads 182

24.3—Distribution of GFRP flexural reinforcement in one-way slabs and beams 187

24.4—GFRP shrinkage and temperature reinforcement 189

24.5—Permissible stresses in prestressed concrete flexural members—Out of scope 190

24.6—Permissible tensile stresses in GFRP reinforcement 190

CHAPTER 25—GFRP REINFORCEMENT DETAILS, p. 192

25.1—Scope 192

25.2—Minimum spacing of GFRP reinforcement 192

25.3—Standard hooks, crossties, and minimum inside bend diameters 192

25.4—Development of GFRP reinforcement 193

25.5—Splices 196

25.6—Bundled reinforcement—Out of scope 198

25.7—GFRP transverse reinforcement 198

25.8—Post-tensioning anchorages and couplers—Out of scope 205

25.9—Anchorage zones for post-tensioned tendons—Out of scope 205

CHAPTER 26—CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS AND INSPECTION, p. 206

26.1—Scope 206

26.2—Design criteria 207

26.3—Member information 208

26.4—Concrete materials and mixture requirements 208

26.5—Concrete production and construction 216

26.6—GFRP reinforcement materials and construction requirements 221

26.7—Anchoring to concrete—Out of scope 223

26.8—Embedments 223

26.9—Additional requirements for precast concrete 224

26.10—Additional requirements for prestressed concrete—Out of scope 225

26.11—Formwork 225

26.12—Evaluation and acceptance of hardended concrete 227

26.13—Inspection 232

CHAPTER 27—STRENGTH EVALUATION OF EXISTING CONCRETE STRUCTURES, p. 235

27.1—Scope 235

27.2—General 235

27.3—Analytical strength evaluation 236

27.4—Strength evaluation by load test 237

27.5—Monotonic load test procedure 238

APPENDIX—EQUIVALENCE BETWEEN SI-METRIC, MSK-METRIC, AND U.S. CUSTOMARY UNITS OF NONHOMOGENOUS EQUATIONS IN THE CODE, p. 241

COMMENTARY REFERENCES, p. 244

Authored documents 245

ERRATA INFO

Any applicable errata are included with individual documents at the time of purchase. Errata are not included for collections or sets of documents such as the ACI Collection. For a listing of and access to all product errata, visit the Errata page.

Return/Exchange Policy

Printed / Hard Copy Products: The full and complete returned product will be accepted if returned within 60 days of receipt and in salable condition. A 20% service charge applies. Return shipping fees are the customer’s responsibility.

Electronic /Downloaded Products & Online Learning Courses: These items are not eligible for return.

Subscriptions These items are not eligible for return.

Exchanges: Contact ACI’s Customer Services Department for options (+1.248.848.3800 – ACICustomerService@concrete.org).

Please enter this 5 digit unlock code on the web page.