370R-14 Report for the Design of Concrete Structures for Blast Effects

370R-14 Report for the Design of Concrete Structures for Blast Effects

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Description

This report addresses the design of structures to resist blast effects due to explosions. It describes the state of the practice for the guidance of structural engineers charged with the design of civil facilities that may be subjected to blast loads. This report addresses the steps commonly followed in this practice, including determination of the threat, calculation of structural loads, behavior of structural systems, design of structural elements, design of security windows, design of security doors, and design of utility openings. These steps can applied to the design of new structures or to the retrofitting of existing structures.

Keywords: blast; blast analysis; blast-resistant buildings; blast-resistant design; ductility; dynamics; explosions; retrofit for blast; shock; overpressure.

 

Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 370

Publication Year: 2014

Pages: 72.00

ISBN: 9780870318986

Categories: Blast Resistance

Formats: Printed Document, PDF, ePub, or Kindle

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1—INTRODUCTION

1.1—Overview of report

1.2—Background and history

CHAPTER 2—NOTATION AND DEFINITIONS

2.1—Notation

2.2—Definitions

CHAPTER 3—DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

3.1—Explosions and fragments

3.2—Threat scenario

3.3—Protection criteria

3.4—Balanced design

3.5—Global design

3.6—General principles of structural design

3.7—Analysis and design

3.8—Energy absorption

3.9—Ductility

3.10—Damage control

3.11—Construction

3.12—Cost effectiveness

3.13—Decision making

CHAPTER 4—GENERAL PLANNING AND DESIGN METHODOLOGY

4.1—Applications

4.2—Objectives of blast-resistant design

4.3—Hazard assessment and risk analysis

4.4—Planning

4.5—Structural design process

CHAPTER 5—BLAST LOAD PREDICTION

5.1—Blast load basics

5.2—Explosion sources

5.3—Load prediction methods

5.4—High explosives

5.5—Bursting pressure vessels

5.6—Vapor cloud explosions

5.7—Load on structures

CHAPTER 6—TYPES OF STRUCTURES

6.1—Building functions and physical characteristics

6.2—Building types and configurations

6.3—Blast resistance capabilities of structural systems

CHAPTER 7—MATERIAL CHARACTERISTICS

7.1—Strain-rate dependency of concrete

7.2—Factors contributing to strain rate dependency

7.3—Constitutive models for concrete

7.4—Strain-rate-dependent constitutive equations for concrete

7.5—Strain rate effects in metals

7.6—Application to blast assessment and design

CHAPTER 8—STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

8.1—Introduction and background

8.2—Computational support capabilities

8.3—Single degree-of-freedom (SDOF) computational approaches

8.4—Intermediate approximate computational approaches

8.5—Advanced approximate computational approaches

8.6—Structural assessment support tools

8.7—Application examples

8.8—Conclusions and recommendations

CHAPTER 9—DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE COMPONENTS

9.1—Introduction

9.2—Design safety factor

9.3—Reinforced concrete design

9.4—Development of reinforcing bars

9.5—Construction details and procedures

9.6—Masonry construction

CHAPTER 10—BLAST HARDENING RETROFIT CONCEPTS FOR EXISTING BUILDINGS

10.1—Strengthen existing building components

10.2—Employ additional components

CHAPTER 11—DESIGN OF BLAST-RESISTANT ANCILLARY OPENINGS

11.1—General considerations

11.2—Materials

11.3—Design issues

11.4—Specification

CHAPTER 12—REFERENCES

ERRATA INFO

Any applicable errata are included with individual documents at the time of purchase. Errata are not included for collections or sets of documents such as the ACI Collection. For a listing of and access to all product errata, visit the Errata page.

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