211.2-98: Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Structural Lightweight Concrete (Reapproved 2004)

211.2-98: Standard Practice for Selecting Proportions for Structural Lightweight Concrete (Reapproved 2004)

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Describes, with examples, two methods for proportioning and adjusting proportions of structural grade concrete containing lightweight aggregates. The weight (pycnometer) method uses a specific gravity factor determined by a displacement pycnometer test on the aggregates (Method 1). The weight method also employs the specific gravity factor to estimate the weight per yard of the fresh cement. The samp, loose volume method uses the cement content-strength relationship for the design of all lightweight and sand lightweight concretes (Method 2). Examples are given for systematic calculation of batch weights, effective displaced volumes, and adjustments to compensate for changes either in aggregate moisture content, aggregate proportions, cement content, slump or air content.

Includes US and metric units.

Keywords: absorption; adsorption; air content; air entrainment; cement content; coarse aggregate; fine aggregate; fineness modulus; grading; lightweight aggregate; mixture proportioning; moisture; slump test; specific gravity factor.


Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 211

Publication Year: 2002

Pages: 20

ISBN: 9780870313301

Categories: Mixture Proportioning

Formats: PDF

This document is Historical

Table of Contents

Chapter 1--Introduction



Chapter 2--Factors affecting proportioning of lightweight

aggregate concrete

2.1--Aggregates--Absorption and moisture content


2.3--Water-cement ratio

2.4--Air entrainment

Chapter 3--Estimating first trial mixture proportions


3.2--Method 1--Weight method (specific gravity pycnometer)

3.3--Method 2--Volumetric method (damp, loose volume)

Chapter 4--Adjusting mixture proportions

4.1--General background

4.2--Method 1--Weight method (specific gravity pycnometer)

4.3--Method 2--Volumetric method (damp, loose volume)

4.4--Adjustment procedures

4.5--Controlling proportions in the field

Chapter 5--References

5.1--Specified and/or recommended references

5.2--Cited reference

Appendix A--Determination of specific gravity factors of structural

lightweight aggregate

Appendix B--Determination of structural lightweight coarse aggregate


Appendix C--Metric system adaptation


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