201.2R-08: Guide to Durable Concrete

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This guide describes specific types of concrete deterioration. Each chapter contains a discussion of the mechanisms involved and the recommended requirements for individual components of concrete, quality considerations for concrete mixtures, construction procedures, and influences of the exposure environment, which are all important considerations to ensure concrete durability.

This guide was developed for conventional concrete but is generally applicable to specialty concretes; however, specialty concretes, such as roller-compacted or pervious concrete, may have unique durability-related issues that deserve further attention that are not addressed herein. Readers should consult other ACI documents for more detailed information on special concretes of interest.

Keywords: abrasion resistance; acid attack; admixture; aggregate; air entrainment; alkali-aggregate reaction; calcium chloride; carbonation; cement paste; corrosion; curing; deicer; deterioration; durability; fly ash; freezing and thawing; mixture proportion; petrography; pozzolan; reinforced concrete; salt scaling; sea water exposure; silica fume; skid resistance; spalling; strength; sulfate attack; supplementary cementitious materials; temperature; watercementitious material ratio.


Document Details

Author: ACI Committee 201

Publication Year: 2008

Pages: 49

ISBN: 9780870312847

Categories: Durability

Formats: PDF

This document is Historical

Table of Contents

Chapter 1—Introduction and scope

Chapter 2—Notation and definitions

2.1—Notation and definitions

Chapter 3—Fresh concrete


3.2—Pore structure

3.3—Mixing effects

3.4—Placement and consolidation


3.6—Cracking of fresh concrete


Chapter 4—Freezing and thawing of concrete


4.2—Frost attack of concrete made with durable aggregates

4.3—Frost attack of concrete made with nondurable aggregates

Chapter 5—Alkali-aggregate reaction


5.2—Types of reactions

5.3—Evaluating aggregates for potential alkali-aggregate reactivity

5.4—Preventive measures

Chapter 6—Chemical attack


6.2—Chemical sulfate attack by sulfate from sources external to concrete

6.3—Physical salt attack

6.4—Seawater exposure

6.5—Acid attack


Chapter 7—Corrosion of metals and other materials embedded in concrete


7.2— General principles of corrosion initiation in concrete

7.3—Propagation of corrosion

7.4—Corrosion-related properties of concreting materials

7.5—Preventing corrosion

7.6—Corrosion of materials other than steel


Chapter 8—Abrasion


8.2—Testing concrete for resistance to abrasion

8.3—Factors affecting abrasion resistance of concrete

8.4—Recommendations for obtaining abrasion-resistant concrete surfaces

8.5—Studded tire and tire chain wear on concrete

8.6—Skid resistance of pavements

Chapter 9—References

9.1—Referenced standards and reports

9.2—Cited references

Appendix A—Method for preparing extract for analysis of water-soluble sulfate in soil


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