Effect of Ambient Temperature and Humidity on Creep and Shrinkage of Concrete

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Title: Effect of Ambient Temperature and Humidity on Creep and Shrinkage of Concrete

Author(s): K. Sakata and T. Ayano

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 194

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 187-214

Keywords: casting season; creep; curing temperature; rela-tive humidity; shrinkage; temperature; temperature history

Date: 5/1/2000

Abstract:
The effect of ambient temperature and humidity to which concrete is exposed prior to or during loading should be taken into account; when creep and shrinkage are predicted. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of ambient temperature and humidity on the creep and shrinkage of concrete. In this study, we carried out creep and shrinkage tests under constant and varying histories of temperature and humidity. Creep and shrinkage tests sub-jected to ambient temperature and humidity were also carried out in the room where the effect of rain and wind were negligible. The effect of temperature on shrinkage is much bigger than that of changes in humidity. The shrinkage strain on concrete subjected to increase in temperature is much bigger than that measured under constant temperature. The magnitude of creep and shrinkage is highly influenced by the difference of the season in which concrete is cast. The effect or variance of humidity on creep seems to be small. The temperature of curing water before application of load significantly influenced creep of concrete.