Measurement of the Pull-out Force at Different Rates of Loading

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Title: Measurement of the Pull-out Force at Different Rates of Loading

Author(s): A. Pacios and S. P. Shah

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 155

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 189-216

Keywords: fibers; impact tests; loading rate; pullout tests; slippage; steels; Materials Research

Date: 8/1/1995

Abstract:
With the objective of understanding the reinforcing mechanisms of fibers in steel fiber reinforced concrete, the adherence between the fiber and the matrix was studied by conducting pullout tests of fibers from a cementitious matrix. In this paper, the effect of factors such as loading rate, inclination of fibers, and number of fibers have been investigated. An innovative measurement system was developed for high rates. It was experimentally obtained that by increasing the rate of loading, both pullout resistance and slip at peak were increased. Peak pullout force presents a higher rate sensitivity for a higher number of fibers. The lower the number of fibers, the higher the slip at peak rate sensitivity. Regardless of the number of fibers, a higher rate sensitivity for inclined fibers was observed.