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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Stress-Strain Response and Fracture of Concrete in Uniaxial and Biaxial Compression
Author(s): Tony C. Y. Liu, Arthur H. Nilson, and Floyd O. Slate
Floyd 0. Slate,
Publication: Journal Proceedings
Appears on pages(s): 291-295
Keywords: axial loads; biaxial loads; compressive strength; concretes; crack propagation; deformation; failure mechanisms; rnicrocracking; models; research; stress-strain relationships.
Abstract:Thin square plates of an idealized model and of real concrete were studied and compared under uniaxial and biaxial short-term compressive stress. Formation and propagation of microcracks of the concrete model were observed directly during loading with x-ray photographs. Strength, deformational behavior, and fracture of concrete under uniaxial and biaxial compression were observed.
Microcracking observations indicate that a main cause of the increase in both strength and stiffness in biaxial compression is the confinement of potential microcracking in the presence of biaxial compression. The modes of failure of concrete suggest that tensile deformation is vital in the failure mechanism of concrete.
A general stress-strain relation for concrete in uniaxial and biaxial compression is proposed. In addition, a simple equation is proposed to predict the increase in strength of concrete when it is subjected to biaxial compression.
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