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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Optimization of High-Rise Concrete Buildings
Author(s): Jaime Moreno and John Zils
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 25-92
Abstract:The optimum design of high-rise buildings should satisfy architectural and engineering performance criteria according to codes and local regulations at the most economical cost. The large variety of construction materials and structural systems makes the task of obtaining the optimum solution difficult for the designers. This study is related to the structural variables influencing the economical choice of materials and systems in cast-in-place multi-story construction. An efficient and economical structural system can evolve only through an understanding of the significant factors affecting the design of a tall building. This optimization study has considered a number of these factors in order to evaluate their in-fluence on the optimization process. These factors can be summarized as follows: Design lateral force (wind) Height-to-width ratio of building, Ratio commonly known as Aspect 30 Criteria for lateral stiffness (Drift Ratio) 4 l Type of occupancy (office vs. apartment) Influence on foundation system Fire rating considerations Local availability and cost of primary construction materials The final choice of a structural system depends upon the factors mentioned above. It should be obvious that there cannot be any single structural system that is valid for all cases. It is this philosophical attitude that is essential for the architect and engineer in evaluating the best possible structural system for a particular project, time. for a particular location, at a particular The most common types of multi-story construction are residential and office buildings. Architectural layouts for residential' buildings have their maximum performance from spans of 15 to 24 eet, and for office buildings from spans of 24 to 30 feet. Be-sides the column, caisson, and floor system considerations for these two types of buildings, the lateral load consideration is an important concept in the design of high-rise structures. A maximum recommended drift of l/500 of the height of the building allows the buildings without shear walls (frame buildings) to be built to a certain number of stories depending on the slab thickness and column sizes. When shear walls are added to the frame buildings, they can be built still taller, satisfying the maximum drift limitations.
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