In today’s market, it is imperative to be knowledgeable and have an edge over the competition. ACI members have it…they are engaged, informed, and stay up to date by taking advantage of benefits that ACI membership provides them.
Read more about membership
Become an ACI Member
Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
American Concrete Institute
38800 Country Club Dr.
Farmington Hills, MI
Feedback via Email
Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Degradation Kinetics of Portland Cement Pastes, Mortars and Concretes in Acidic Environments
Author(s): Yves Lefebvre, Carmel Jolicoer, Monique Page and
Phil T. Seabrook
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 1487-1510
Keywords: Acids; cement pastes; chlorides; concretes; diffusion; durability; leaching;
mortars (material); porosity; sulfates.
Abstract:The degradation of samples of cement pastes, mortars and concretes in acidic solutions (pH 2-4) ha s b een investigated over relatively short periods, e.g. -72 hours at 25°C. The degradation rate of the cementitious material is taken as the rate of alkali leaching at constant pH; the latter is obtained directly from the amount of acid required, as function of time, to maintain the pH at a preset value. The data allow the calculation of apparent rate constants, the magnitude of which is expected to be related to the durability of the materials investigated in acidic environments. Paste degradation rates were obtained at two W/C (0.35 and 0.45); the role of several additives (silica fume, superplasticizers, air entraining agents) and the influence of solution composition (pH, ionic strength, other electrolytes) were investigated. Kinetic data were also obtained for the acid reaction rate of several mortar and concrete samples of varying mixture compositions and in the presence of S0,-2. Under the conditions of this study, the acid degradation rate appears largely controlled by H+ diffusion through the leached zone of the matrix. The diffusional rates values are moderately influenced by changes in mixture compositions, in reasonable agreement with expectations from greatly enhance the acid degradation rate, an effect zone and the related studies. Sulfate ions which can be understood from pH gradients in the leached activity coefficients of the H+ in the presence of sulfates.
Click here to become an online Journal subscriber