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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Strength and Durability Characteristics of Concrete Incorporating a Pelletized Blast Furnace Slag
Author(s): V.M. Malhotra
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 891-922
Keywords: air entraining agents; blast
strength; concrete durability; flexural
durability; pellets; plasticizers.
furnace slag; compressive -- strength; freeze-thaw
Abstract:This report gives results of laboratory investigations to determine the strength and freeze-thaw durability characteritics of concrete incorporating pelletized iron blast furnace slag from a Canadian source. A series of thirty-two 0.062-m3 mixes was made with water to cement plus slag ratios ranging from 0.30 to 0.65, and the percentage of slag used as a partial replacement for normal portland cement ranged from 25 to 65% by weight. All mixes were air entrained and some incorporated a superplasticizer in addition to an air-entraining agent. A number of 102 x 203-mm cylinders were cast for testing in compression and splitting ten-sion at ages up to one year. Test prisms, 89 x 102 x 406 mm, were also cast to determine flexural strength and freeze-thaw durabil-ity. Regardlessofthe water to cement plus slag ratio the strength of control concrete was generally higher than that incorporating slag. The difference in strength narrows between 7 and 91 days depending on the water to cement pIus slag ratio; beyond 91 days, the difference widens again. The above strength development pat-tern is more marked for concrete with water to cement plus slag ratios of 0.30 and 0.38. The last day flexural strength of concrete ranged from 4.2 to 6.0 MPa for a water-to-cement plus slag ratio of 0.56. The flex-ural strength of concrete with water-to-cement plus slag ratios of 0.46 and 0.56 is comparable to or greater than the corresponding strength of control concrete. The reverse is true for concrete with a water-to-cement-plus-slag ratio of 0.38 for both air en-trained, and air entrained and superplasticized concretes; at 65% slag replacement, there is a drop in strength in the order of 20% compared with the control concrete. Durability studies indicated that regardless of the water to cement plus slag ratio and whether the concrete was air entrained or air entrained and superplasticized, the test prisms performed satisfactorily in freeze-thaw tests (ASTM C666 Procedure B) with minor exceptions.
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