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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Shorter Autoclave Cycles For Concrete Masonry Units
Author(s): Thomas B. Redmond, Jr.
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 57-98
Keywords: autoclaving; compressive strength; concrete block; concretes;
curing; drying shrinkage; expanded shale aggregates; expanded slag aggre-gates; heating; high temperature;
Abstract:The report data are from three investigations on autoclave curing of block-type concrete mixes. Variables were presteaming time, heating time, heating rate, and time at maximum temperature and pressure of laboratory and plant-manufactured specimens of three aggregate types. The principal finding was the high strength and low drying shrinkage generally obtained with two hours of curing at 365 F. A one-hour cure at 400 F produced optimum strength in the test series investigating higher temperatures. With the industry trend to faster rail charging systems, data indi-cate the feasibility of four curing cycles per autoclave per day. However, author recommends that time at maximum temperature should not be shorter than five hours unless long-term individual plant tests have consistently demonstrated good results.
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