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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: The "Pul l-Off" Partially Destructive Test for Concrete
Author(s): A.E. Long and A. McC. Murray
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 327-350
Keywords: compressive strength; concretes; cylinders; epoxy
resins; probes; pull-off tests.
Abstract:A wide range of approaches are available for estimating the strength of in-situ concrete and these include indirect methods such as cube or cylinder testing, non-destructive methods and the more recently introduced partially destructive tests. In the latter category the pull-off test involves bonding a circular steel probe to the concrete surface using an epoxy resin adhesive which is stronger than concrete in tension. By measuring the load required to cause a tensile failure in the concrete the equivalent compressive strength can be estimated by using an appropriate calibration graph. This paper summarises the results of tests carried out over the past nine years and includes a comparison with other partially destructive methods which are currently available. The results of field tests, carried out during the construction of a multi-storey parking garage, are reported as well as two case histories relating to commercial applications. In all instances the viability and accuracy of this in-situ test method have been proven.
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