Reinforced Corbels of High-Strength Concrete

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Title: Reinforced Corbels of High-Strength Concrete

Author(s): Y. K. Yong, Douglas H. McCloskey, and Edward G. Nawy

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 87

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 197-212

Keywords: corbels; flexural strength; high-strength concretes; models; reinforced concrete; shear strength; tests; truss analog.

Date: 9/1/1985

Abstract:
High strength concrete is used in increasing volume in the construction of structural components. While much research has been done on reinforced concrete corbels, experimental data on the behavior of corbels using high strength concrete remain scarce. The ACI Special Provisions for Brackets and Corbels is based primarily on experimental results of corbels with concrete strength less than 6000 psi (41.4 MPa). The purpose of this study is to check the applicability of the ACI Code and the truss analogy theory proposed recently by Hagberg to reinforced concrete corbels with concrete strengths greater than 6000 psi (41.4 MPa). A total of eight corbels, divided into four series with concrete strength ranging from about 6000 psi (41.7 MPa) to 12,800 psi (82.7 MPa) were studied in the Rutgers Civil Engineering Laboratory. The corbels (shear span to dept ratio, a/d = 0.39) were loaded monotonically to failure and magnitudes of the strains in the primary steel, stirrups and cage steel were recorded along with the vertical load. Analysis of results indicated that the ACI Code Provisions are conservative. The truss analogy model predicts values which are safe and less conservative than the ACI Code. The degree of conservatism of the ACI Code found in the case of these tests will not necessarily be found in tests with larger a/d ratios and/or tests in which outward horizontal loads are applied to the specimens in addition to the vertical loads.