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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: High-Strength Concrete -Material Properties and Structural Behavior
Author(s): R. N. Swamy
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 119-146
Keywords: compressive strength; creep properties; cracking
(fracturing); deflection; elastic properties; high-strength
concretes; lightweight aggregates; prestressed concrete; shrinkage;
Abstract:The paper presents a comprehensive review of the material properties and structural behavior of high strength concrete. It is shown that in practice both early development of high strength and high final strength are desirable. Further, if such concretes are to be used economically, a high proportion of their strength needs to be utilised in design. Data are presented to show that by careful selection of the type of cement and design of mix proportions, strengths of 60 to 80 N/mm2 could be obtained with normal weight aggregates in 24 hrs. With light-weight aggregates, strengths of LO-25 N/mm2 in 12 hrs. and of 25-45 N/mm2 in 24 hrs. are reported. The paper then discusses the engineering properties of such concretes such as elasticity, shrinkage and creep. The implications on structural behavior, when high working stresses of 30 to 50% of the cube strength are used, are then discussed in terms of transmission length, prestress losses, short term structural behavior and longterm structural behavior. Particular emphasis is given to those aspects that need to be considered in design.
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