Title: Premature Failures with Monolithic Refractories: The Manufacturer's Viewpoint
Author(s): Robert E. Fisher
Publication: Symposium Paper
Appears on pages(s): 125-140
Keywords: aluminum oxide; cracking (fracturing); curing; drying; failure; linings; phosphate coatings; placing; plastics, polymers, and resins; refractories; refractory concretes.
Early failures of monolithics are always a disheartening experience to the supplier, but they often are useful learning experiences as well. A number of field problems are described. These problems were solved by such adjustments as changes in material selection, improvements in existing materials and/or the development of new materials, changes in design, improvements in installation technique and modifications to the bake out procedure.