Premature Failures with Monolithic Refractories: The Manufacturer's Viewpoint

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Title: Premature Failures with Monolithic Refractories: The Manufacturer's Viewpoint

Author(s): Robert E. Fisher

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 74

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 125-140

Keywords: aluminum oxide; cracking (fracturing); curing; drying; failure; linings; phosphate coatings; placing; plastics, polymers, and resins; refractories; refractory concretes.

Date: 8/1/1982

Abstract:
Early failures of monolithics are always a disheartening experience to the supplier, but they often are useful learning experiences as well. A number of field problems are described. These problems were solved by such adjustments as changes in material selection, improvements in existing materials and/or the development of new materials, changes in design, improvements in installation technique and modifications to the bake out procedure.