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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, dissemination, and adoption of its consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.
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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Diffusion of Chloride Ions in High-Performance Mortars
Author(s): Anik Delagrave, Jacques Marchand,
Eric Samson, Michel Pigeon,
and Jean-Pierre Ollivier
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 175-192
Keywords: Chlorides; diffusion; high-performance concretes; mortars (material).
Abstract:The diffusion mechanisms of chloride ions into ordinary and high performance mortars were studied. Four different mortar mixtures were tested. Test parameters included the water/binder ratio (0.25 and 0.45) and the use of silica fume. An ASTM type III cement was used in the preparation of the 0.25 water/binder ratio mortars while the 0.45 water/binder ratio mixtures were prepared with an ASTM type I. For all mixtures, the sand volume fraction was maintained constant at 50%. The diffusion properties of the mortars were studied according to two different experimental procedures. In a first series of tests, apparent diffusion coefficients were calculated from chloride ion profiles measured after a 12-month immersion period. In a second series, a migration test (where the chloride ion penetration is accelerated by the application of an electrical potential of 10 volts) was used to investigate the transport properties of the four mortars. All test results clearly show that the reduction of the water/binder ratio and the use of silica fume contribute significantly to the reduction of the chloride ion penetration. The consequences of these results on the long-term durability of high-performance concrete structures and, more specifically, on their ability to resist to reinforcing steel corrosion are discussed. The ability of the accelerated migration test to reliably predict the penetration of chlorides in cement-based materials after only a 14-day test period is also discussed.
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