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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Freezing and Thawing Hysteresis Effects in Experimental Analysis of Frost Deicing Salt Resistance of Cementitious Materials
Author(s): J. Kaufmann
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 677-692
Keywords: calorimeters; deicers; expansion; hysteresis; ice formation; ultrasonic tests
Abstract:Hysteresis effects are very frequent in experimental studies of porous building material. In the case of frost deicing salt resistance, hysteresis effects between freezing and thawing were reported in calorimetric and expansion experiments. They often were explained by a difference in the active pore diameter. However, our calorimetric and ultrasonic pulse velocity measurement show much smaller hysteresis effects which support another explanation: supercooling. A model based on non-connected pore water which may supercooling. A model based on non-connected pore water which may supercool was developed to explain the experimental differences. This model allows a reinterpretation of experimental expansion data. The moment of damage formation in frost deicing salt resistance tests can be studied. The analysis of the causes of hysteresis effects therefore leads to improved models of frost deicing salt damage mechanisms.
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