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Home > Publications > International Concrete Abstracts Portal
The International Concrete Abstracts Portal is an ACI led collaboration with leading technical organizations from within the international concrete industry and offers the most comprehensive collection of published concrete abstracts.
Title: Factors Other Than Chloride Level Influencing Corrosion Rate of Reinforcement
Author(s): A. Castel, R. Francois, and G. Arliguie
Publication: Special Publication
Appears on pages(s): 629-644
Keywords: chlorides; corrosion; damage; reinforced concretes; steel construction
Abstract:To evaluate the degree of corrosion, reinforcements of a fourteen-year-old concrete member were completely bared. The 3-meter long beams were stored in 3-point flexion in an aggressive environment made by sequences of drying and wetting by a salt fog (35g/l). The total chloride content was also measured at the level of all reinforcements. Because of the small concrete cover (10 mm for the stirrups and 16 mm for the longitudinal reinforcement), the chloride content appears to be significantly greater than the threshold usually used to evaluate the initiation of corrosion. Carbonation front was also measured and was only about 4 mm. Nevertheless, the degree of corrosion (mass loss calculation) shows no correlation with chloride content, as some large parts of reinforcement are not affected by corrosion. As a result, corrosion damage seems to be linked to a degradation of the steel-concrete interface. For tensile reinforcement, it corresponds to a mechanical degradation whereas for compression reinforcement it corresponds to the bleeding. This observation leads us to question ourselves about the relevance of a single value for the corrosion threshold. The nature of the interface between the steel and the concrete must be considered.
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