Deflection and Crack Width Predictions of Concrete Beams Reinforced with Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars

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Title: Deflection and Crack Width Predictions of Concrete Beams Reinforced with Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars

Author(s): H. A. Toutanji and M. Saafi

Publication: Special Publication

Volume: 188

Issue:

Appears on pages(s): 1023-1034

Keywords: concretes; cracking; deflection; fiber reinforced polymers; flexure; reinforced concrete

Date: 8/1/1999

Abstract:
Current design methods for predicting deflections and crack widths at service load in concrete structures reinforced with steel bars may not be necessarily applicable in those reinforced with fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars. In this paper, methods for predicting deflections and crack widths and spacing of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) reinforced concrete beams were proposed. In order to use the effective moment of inertia for concrete beams reinforced with FRP bars, the effect of reinforcement ratios and elastic modulus of the FRP reinforcement were incorporated in Branson’s equation. This paper also presents a new equation to predict crack width. Six concrete beams reinforced with different GFRP reinforcement ratios were tested. Deflections and crack widths were measured and compared with those obtained by the proposed models. The comparison between the experimental results and those predicted was in good agreement.